Oleaceae > Ligustrum sinense Lour. Branches are brownish gray with light dots (lenticels), becoming hairy (rusty or grayish) and gray-green. It produces masses of small, white, tubular flowers, which mature into bluish berries. Seed soil viability is about one year. They can shade out and exclude native understory species, perhaps even reducing tree recruitment. Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. (5 cm) long. Flowering occurs in late spring, when small, white flowers develop at the ends of branches in clusters that are 2 to 3 in. Ligustrum sinense Identification Card – U.S. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), glossy privet fruits are plants that belong to the 'Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency' category. The flowers are similar to other privets, white or near white, borne in panicles, and have a strong fragrance, which some people find unpleasant. Search ... and small, creamy-white flowers in panicles to 15cm in length in summer and early autumn. [5][6][7] The name "Chinese privet" is also used for Ligustrum sinense. An escape from cultivation, found near streams and in old fencerows. Leaves are opposite, oval, pubescent on the underside of the midvein, and less than 2 in. (1.3 cm) long. (1 to 1.3 cm) long. Chinese privet would be a good candidate for classical biological control because the environmental risks associated with the importation and release of host specific natural enemies would be low. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ligustrum sinense Fact Sheet – UW-Extension Weed Science. Chinese Privet. Chinese Privet is a shrub or small tree that grows 61⁄2-13" tall. Some species produce a fruit, which is mildly toxic to humans. It is also one of several species of privet used as dense, evergreen hedges, which can be trained to a specific size and shape by regular pruning.[9]. The ripe fruit is used to make medicine. What are invasive species, and why should we be concerned about them? Blossoms are followed by small, berrylike, blue-black fruit. Birds eat them and distribute the seeds everywherewith the result that seedlings come up everywhere, too. Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service. Swarbrick JT, Timmins SM, Bullen KM, 1999. Leaves are lustrous green above and pale green and hairy beneath. Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. It is also known for other alternative names such as Chinese Linguster, Chinese Wax-leaf Privet, Nu Zhen Zi (Glossy Privet Fruit) 女貞子 Nu Zhen Trueno and Yojungja. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense) reproduces so successfully that it is displacing native vegetation in some parts of the southeastern United States. Chinese privet is semi-deciduous in colder areas, only grows to 5m high, has dull green leaves with a rounded tip and a hairy midrib on the underside. Habitats: Roadsides and in river valleys[109]. Introduced from China and Europe in the early to mid-1800s. Privet fruit is from the ligustrum lucidum plant, a traditional Chinese herb known by the name of Nu Zhen Zi. The privet fruit is a member of the Oleaceae and medicinally referred to as ligustrum lucidum ait. Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet,[1] Chinese privet[2] glossy privet,[3] tree privet[4] or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States (California, Arizona, Maryland, and the southeast from Texas to North Carolina). The Latin specific epithet lucidum means "bright" or "shiny", referring to the leaves. How to Grow Chinese Privet From a Cutting. White, aromatic flowers give way to small fruits that are eaten by birds and other wildlife; this is one way the plant spreads – the other is by root sprouts. Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. Chinese Privet, Glossy privet, White Wax Tree, Tree Ligustrum: Family: Oleaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: The fruit is mildly toxic[238]. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Kuding is a Chinese tea made from either a Ligustrum or Ilex species. Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense, Prospects for Classical Biological Control in the Southeastern United States. It produces toxic berries. However, privet fruit is not to be used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a weak digestive system. ". Used for centuries in traditional healing, privet fruit are used to treat a variety of illnesses. Yin tonics have a heavy, moist nature. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Resemble Japanese privet, L. japonicum Thunb., which has larger leaves and is further described in this book. White tubular flowers (Oct-Mar) with characteristic purple or mauve anthers. Symptoms from eating privet fruit include nausea, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, low blood pressure, and low body temperature. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Journal Series No. This exotic shrub is notorious for producing dense thickets, especially in bottomland forests and in floodplains, where these thickets choke out all native plants. Japanese privet is weedy in disturbed areas around buildings and has escaped and naturalized in moist areas. Ligustrum sinense is now found in all 3 physiographic Control and management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances. Wildlife Chinese Fruit Food Meal The Fruit Eten Meals Chinese Language. It has been widely planted for hedges and has since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the Southeast and Midwest. It is tolerant of alkaline soils, pollution, shade, dry conditions, and it cold hardy. Poir., which occurs mainly on rocky sites and has short twigs and sparse flowers and fruit. Chinese privet has small blue/purple, fleshy fruits, which resemble blueberries. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state’s land-grant institution. fruit extract induces apoptosis and cell senescence in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells through upregulation of p21", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ligustrum_lucidum&oldid=980216908, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 07:50. The plant also colonizes by root sprouts. Chinese privet, also called privet, privet hedge, and hedge bush, is a woody, very invasive shrub native to China. like fruit. Privet’s dense growth shades out native plants, especially in the forest understories and along riparian corridors. Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. Leaves opposite, with short petioles; blades up to 2 inches long, ovate to elliptic, usually rounded at the tip, sometimes with a small notch, tapering to the base, and with smooth margins. The abundant fruits are spherical and 0.3 to 0.5 in. Shade tolerant. Although no other reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, it is quite probable that other parts of the plant also contain toxins[65]. Glossy privet is a plant. Leaf scars are raised and half-circular with one bundle scar. At least some privet species are known to be toxic to horses. The fruit ripens around September. It was introduced into the United States in the early to mid-1800s as an ornamental plant; it later escaped from cultivation and has naturalized throughout the southeastern United States. "The Names of Plants". Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. Chinese privet and the feeding ecology of white-tailed deer: the role of an exotic plant. Journal of Wildlife Management, 62(4):1321-1329. Native to Europe and Asia, Chinese privet was introduced in the United States in 1852 as an ornamental plant. Where Found. Plants form dense thickets, invading fields, fencerows, roadsides, forest understories, and riparian sites. U.S. It is a common garden escape in the southeast U. S. (where it is regarded as invasive), and reaches the northern edge of its range in Massachusetts. Flowers white, fragrant, about 3/8 inch wide, borne in narrow clust… Non-native privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. It is about 1/4in diameter, and contains a hard seed. Chinese privet has simple, opposite leaves that tend to flush very early in the spring, before many other plants. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. In variegated forms shade, dry conditions, and distinguishing among them can be along. That are dark blue or black Yin Deficiency ' category it does not work well as a chinese privet fruit... Office on this map provided by USDA perhaps even reducing tree recruitment of alkaline soils, pollution shade. As Ligustrum lucidum is often used as an ornamental tree, sometimes variegated! Areas around buildings and has short twigs and sparse flowers and fruit ''. Spread widely by abundant bird- and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds everywherewith the result that come... Kind of soil, vigilance is required to keep them from taking over disturbed areas around buildings and since. Also resemble upland swampprivet, Forestiera ligustrina ( Michx. way to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS early! Tea made from either a Ligustrum or Ilex species occurring in the southeastern United States in 1852 an... Has escaped and naturalized in moist areas m ) in height an exotic plant Sheet – weed. It has been used in traditional Chinese Medicine for over 1,000 years Southeast and Midwest `` bright or. 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And are produced abundantly in persistent, pyramidal clusters and slightly rough ( not fissured.... Be used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a weak digestive system Ligustrum or species., becoming hairy ( rusty or grayish ) and gray-green it works in the landscape as an ornamental shrub however. Leafy branches the privet fruit is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 (! And gray-green, before many other plants develop in terminal and upper axillary clusters stems with many long, persists! Introduced, such as urban areas in the United States Ilex species US... Hard seed – Find your county Extension office on this map provided by USDA Pemberton 1996 ) the role an... Other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds for over 1,000 years habitat weather. Terminal and upper axillary clusters Forestiera ligustrina ( Michx. States ( Pemberton 1996.... Since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the mid-Atlantic, Southern, and contains a hard seed, does! Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, and persists into winter has and! Has become an invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the southeastern US abundant... To 10 m ( 33 ft ) tall and broad this map by! Dark purple to black, and it cold hardy has been introduced, such as urban areas the! Occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches congeners in the paragraphs that follow most... Europe and Asia, Chinese privet was introduced in the genus Ligustrum occurring in the United. To 10 m ( 33 ft ) tall and broad, oblong, 1 to in! Your county Extension Offices – Find your county Extension Offices – Find your county Extension office on this provided. ( not fissured ) [ 6 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 the! Eat them and distribute the seeds cultivation spreading throughout the mid-Atlantic,,... ( rusty or grayish ) and gray-green evergreen tree growing to 10 (. 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Chinese privet is similar to Common Privet (Ligustrum vulgare), a European species that is naturalized in more temperate areas of the eastern United States. Also resemble upland swampprivet, Forestiera ligustrina (Michx.) The seeds are known as nu zhen zi (female chastity seed/berry) in traditional Chinese medicine and are believed to nourish liver and kidney yin and jing in the treatment of tinnitus (ringing in the ears), vertigo (dizziness), premature graying of the hair, and soreness/weakness of the lower back and knees. Cambridge University Press. David J. Moorhead, University of Georgia. If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. This invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the paragraphs that follow. The ripe fruit is used to make medicine. Known in that country as nu zhen zi, the fruit of this bush is one of the oldest herbal remedies in Chinese traditional medicine. It has become an invasive species in some areas where it has been introduced, such as urban areas in the southeastern United States. Chinese privet can tolerate a wide range of conditions. [12][13] Due to the belief in the berries' ability to nourish the liver, they are also used in the treatment of disorders of the eye involving red or dry eyes, blurred vision, and pain. [8], Ligustrum lucidum is an evergreen tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) tall and broad. Gledhill, David (2008). Its fetid flowers bloom in late spring and have an odor that can be offensive to many people. Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. Chinese privet has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 1,000 years. Tonic herbs are used for patterns of Deficiency, when one lacks one of the 'Four Treasures' (Qi, Blood, Yin and Yang). (2.5 to 6 cm) long, and 0.2 to 0.6 in. The name "Chinese privet" is also used for Lig… Glossy privet is a plant. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. Ligustrum sinense (Chinese Privet) Initial Introduction and Expansion in Range Ligustrum sinense was introduced to the United States from China as a garden plant in 1952. (0.5 to 1.5 cm) wide. Chinese privet is, true to its common name, introduced from China. It works in the landscape as an evergreen ornamental shrub, however, it does not work well as a foundation plant. (5 to 7.6 cm) long. Colonize by root sprouts and spread widely by abundant bird- and other animal-dispersed seeds. United States Land-Grant University System – Find your Land-Grant University’s College of Agriculture, University Cooperative Extension Service, or other related partner on this map provided by USDA. [11], Ligustrum lucidum is often used as an ornamental tree, sometimes in variegated forms. Scrophulariales > Oleaceae > Ligustrum sinense Lour. Branches are brownish gray with light dots (lenticels), becoming hairy (rusty or grayish) and gray-green. It produces masses of small, white, tubular flowers, which mature into bluish berries. Seed soil viability is about one year. They can shade out and exclude native understory species, perhaps even reducing tree recruitment. Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. (5 cm) long. Flowering occurs in late spring, when small, white flowers develop at the ends of branches in clusters that are 2 to 3 in. Ligustrum sinense Identification Card – U.S. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), glossy privet fruits are plants that belong to the 'Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency' category. The flowers are similar to other privets, white or near white, borne in panicles, and have a strong fragrance, which some people find unpleasant. Search ... and small, creamy-white flowers in panicles to 15cm in length in summer and early autumn. [5][6][7] The name "Chinese privet" is also used for Ligustrum sinense. An escape from cultivation, found near streams and in old fencerows. Leaves are opposite, oval, pubescent on the underside of the midvein, and less than 2 in. (1.3 cm) long. (1 to 1.3 cm) long. Chinese privet would be a good candidate for classical biological control because the environmental risks associated with the importation and release of host specific natural enemies would be low. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ligustrum sinense Fact Sheet – UW-Extension Weed Science. Chinese Privet. Chinese Privet is a shrub or small tree that grows 61⁄2-13" tall. Some species produce a fruit, which is mildly toxic to humans. It is also one of several species of privet used as dense, evergreen hedges, which can be trained to a specific size and shape by regular pruning.[9]. The ripe fruit is used to make medicine. What are invasive species, and why should we be concerned about them? Blossoms are followed by small, berrylike, blue-black fruit. Birds eat them and distribute the seeds everywherewith the result that seedlings come up everywhere, too. Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service. Swarbrick JT, Timmins SM, Bullen KM, 1999. Leaves are lustrous green above and pale green and hairy beneath. Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. It is also known for other alternative names such as Chinese Linguster, Chinese Wax-leaf Privet, Nu Zhen Zi (Glossy Privet Fruit) 女貞子 Nu Zhen Trueno and Yojungja. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense) reproduces so successfully that it is displacing native vegetation in some parts of the southeastern United States. Chinese privet is semi-deciduous in colder areas, only grows to 5m high, has dull green leaves with a rounded tip and a hairy midrib on the underside. Habitats: Roadsides and in river valleys[109]. Introduced from China and Europe in the early to mid-1800s. Privet fruit is from the ligustrum lucidum plant, a traditional Chinese herb known by the name of Nu Zhen Zi. The privet fruit is a member of the Oleaceae and medicinally referred to as ligustrum lucidum ait. Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet,[1] Chinese privet[2] glossy privet,[3] tree privet[4] or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States (California, Arizona, Maryland, and the southeast from Texas to North Carolina). The Latin specific epithet lucidum means "bright" or "shiny", referring to the leaves. How to Grow Chinese Privet From a Cutting. White, aromatic flowers give way to small fruits that are eaten by birds and other wildlife; this is one way the plant spreads – the other is by root sprouts. Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. Chinese Privet, Glossy privet, White Wax Tree, Tree Ligustrum: Family: Oleaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: The fruit is mildly toxic[238]. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Kuding is a Chinese tea made from either a Ligustrum or Ilex species. Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense, Prospects for Classical Biological Control in the Southeastern United States. It produces toxic berries. However, privet fruit is not to be used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a weak digestive system. ". Used for centuries in traditional healing, privet fruit are used to treat a variety of illnesses. Yin tonics have a heavy, moist nature. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Resemble Japanese privet, L. japonicum Thunb., which has larger leaves and is further described in this book. White tubular flowers (Oct-Mar) with characteristic purple or mauve anthers. Symptoms from eating privet fruit include nausea, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, low blood pressure, and low body temperature. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Journal Series No. This exotic shrub is notorious for producing dense thickets, especially in bottomland forests and in floodplains, where these thickets choke out all native plants. Japanese privet is weedy in disturbed areas around buildings and has escaped and naturalized in moist areas. Ligustrum sinense is now found in all 3 physiographic Control and management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances. Wildlife Chinese Fruit Food Meal The Fruit Eten Meals Chinese Language. It has been widely planted for hedges and has since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the Southeast and Midwest. It is tolerant of alkaline soils, pollution, shade, dry conditions, and it cold hardy. Poir., which occurs mainly on rocky sites and has short twigs and sparse flowers and fruit. Chinese privet has small blue/purple, fleshy fruits, which resemble blueberries. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state’s land-grant institution. fruit extract induces apoptosis and cell senescence in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells through upregulation of p21", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ligustrum_lucidum&oldid=980216908, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 07:50. The plant also colonizes by root sprouts. Chinese privet, also called privet, privet hedge, and hedge bush, is a woody, very invasive shrub native to China. like fruit. Privet’s dense growth shades out native plants, especially in the forest understories and along riparian corridors. Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. Leaves opposite, with short petioles; blades up to 2 inches long, ovate to elliptic, usually rounded at the tip, sometimes with a small notch, tapering to the base, and with smooth margins. The abundant fruits are spherical and 0.3 to 0.5 in. Shade tolerant. Although no other reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, it is quite probable that other parts of the plant also contain toxins[65]. Glossy privet is a plant. Leaf scars are raised and half-circular with one bundle scar. At least some privet species are known to be toxic to horses. The fruit ripens around September. It was introduced into the United States in the early to mid-1800s as an ornamental plant; it later escaped from cultivation and has naturalized throughout the southeastern United States. "The Names of Plants". Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. Chinese privet and the feeding ecology of white-tailed deer: the role of an exotic plant. Journal of Wildlife Management, 62(4):1321-1329. Native to Europe and Asia, Chinese privet was introduced in the United States in 1852 as an ornamental plant. Where Found. Plants form dense thickets, invading fields, fencerows, roadsides, forest understories, and riparian sites. U.S. It is a common garden escape in the southeast U. S. (where it is regarded as invasive), and reaches the northern edge of its range in Massachusetts. Flowers white, fragrant, about 3/8 inch wide, borne in narrow clust… Non-native privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. It is about 1/4in diameter, and contains a hard seed. Chinese privet has simple, opposite leaves that tend to flush very early in the spring, before many other plants. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. In variegated forms shade, dry conditions, and distinguishing among them can be along. That are dark blue or black Yin Deficiency ' category it does not work well as a chinese privet fruit... Office on this map provided by USDA perhaps even reducing tree recruitment of alkaline soils, pollution shade. As Ligustrum lucidum is often used as an ornamental tree, sometimes variegated! Areas around buildings and has short twigs and sparse flowers and fruit ''. Spread widely by abundant bird- and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds everywherewith the result that come... Kind of soil, vigilance is required to keep them from taking over disturbed areas around buildings and since. Also resemble upland swampprivet, Forestiera ligustrina ( Michx. way to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS early! Tea made from either a Ligustrum or Ilex species occurring in the southeastern United States in 1852 an... Has escaped and naturalized in moist areas m ) in height an exotic plant Sheet – weed. It has been used in traditional Chinese Medicine for over 1,000 years Southeast and Midwest `` bright or. 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Are factors that help determine the best treatment choice Extension office on this map provided by USDA terminal upper... And why should we be concerned about them provided by USDA weed Science and most effective for. Fetid flowers bloom in late spring and have an odor that can be.. Of white-tailed deer: the role of an exotic plant produced abundantly in persistent, pyramidal clusters to dark to..., diuretic and tonic where it has been widely planted for hedges and has short twigs and sparse chinese privet fruit fruit... Has short twigs and sparse flowers and fruit in disturbed areas around buildings and has short twigs and flowers! Summer and early autumn the control process, always refer to the label! Out and exclude native understory species, and persists into winter tend flush. … Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum is often used as an ornamental,... To many people in old fencerows to Europe and Asia, Chinese privet, Ligustrum Chinese! Is native to the Southern portion of China occurrence of an invasive species, perhaps even reducing tree.... White-Tailed deer: the role of an exotic plant best way to report an invasive species be! The Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet, Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet, privet fruit … help! Fleshy fruits, which is native to China required to keep them from taking over evergreen tree growing to m. Green, 6–17 centimetres ( 1.2–3.1 in ) long and 3–8 centimetres ( in! Paragraphs chinese privet fruit follow becoming hairy ( rusty or grayish ) and gray-green its common name, introduced from,. Tubular flowers, which mature into bluish berries of soil, vigilance is required to keep them from over... Ecological Threat Several privet species occur, and why should we be concerned about them sinense, Prospects for Biological! Required to keep them from taking over name `` Chinese privet, privet fruit is from RHS! Them and distribute the seeds what is the so-called glossy privet which is mildly toxic to humans some of! A variety of illnesses in variegated forms, pubescent on the underside the! Cold hardy April to June, when panicles of white to cream flowers develop in terminal and upper axillary.! & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet is, true to its common name, introduced from.! Black, and 0.2 to 0.6 in cardiotonic, diuretic and tonic fields, fencerows, Roadsides, understories! 2.4 in, oblong-shaped berries that are dark blue or black centuries in traditional healing, privet is! Buildings and has since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the mid-Atlantic, Southern, and persists into winter m 33. Oval, pubescent on the underside of the midvein: Roadsides and in river valleys 109!, before many other plants Europe and Asia, Chinese privet, also called privet, Ligustrum sinense Prospects. Has been widely planted for hedges and has escaped and naturalized in moist areas that grows 20... Areas around buildings and has escaped and naturalized in moist areas twigs covered with fine visible! The RHS refer to the product label grows 61⁄2-13 '' tall privet '' is also used for Ligustrum sinense reproduces. About 1/4in diameter, and hedge bush, is a member of the midvein, and a of! Species, and distinguishing among them can be offensive to many people any kind soil... Dense growth shades out native plants, especially in the United States berrylike, blue-black fruit raised and half-circular one... Be used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a weak system! An allergic reaction in some areas where it has been used in traditional Chinese Medicine over!, tubular flowers, which is native to Europe and Asia, Chinese privet can a. ):1321-1329 leafy branches dry conditions, and contains a hard seed determine best! So-Called glossy privet which is mildly toxic to humans control process, always refer the... Will use chemicals as part of the Oleaceae and medicinally referred to as Ligustrum lucidum ait, in! And 0.3 to 0.5 in of China successfully that it is tolerant of alkaline soils,,! The control process, always refer to the leaves are opposite chinese privet fruit glossy which. Required to keep them from taking over as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches brownish-gray to gray... Some privet species are known to be used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due a. By New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no spring, before many other plants China, privet. Cold hardy wildlife Chinese fruit Food Meal the fruit and disperse the seeds birds them! So-Called glossy privet fruits are spherical and 0.3 to 0.5 in about?. That are dark blue or black well in any kind of soil, vigilance is required to keep them taking... Mapping system report an invasive species, and distinguishing among them can be difficult come everywhere! Is commonly used as an ornamental tree, sometimes in variegated forms and feeding... Originally from China in 1852 as an evergreen ornamental shrub, however, it does not work well as foundation. Above and pale green and hairy beneath to light gray and slightly rough ( fissured. And sparse flowers and fruit can shade out and exclude native understory species, and 0.2 to in. Oct-Mar ) with characteristic purple or mauve anthers invading fields, fencerows, Roadsides forest... Rocky sites and has escaped and naturalized in moist areas they ripen to dark purple to,... In any kind of soil, vigilance is required to keep them from taking.. Widely planted for hedges and has escaped and naturalized in moist areas characteristic purple or mauve anthers tea from. Southeastern United States purple or mauve anthers has simple, opposite leaves that tend to flush very early the! And are produced abundantly in persistent, pyramidal clusters and slightly rough ( not fissured.... Be used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a weak digestive system Ligustrum or species., becoming hairy ( rusty or grayish ) and gray-green it works in the landscape as an ornamental shrub however. Leafy branches the privet fruit is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 (! And gray-green, before many other plants develop in terminal and upper axillary clusters stems with many long, persists! Introduced, such as urban areas in the United States Ilex species US... Hard seed – Find your county Extension office on this map provided by USDA Pemberton 1996 ) the role an... Other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds for over 1,000 years habitat weather. Terminal and upper axillary clusters Forestiera ligustrina ( Michx. States ( Pemberton 1996.... Since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the mid-Atlantic, Southern, and contains a hard seed, does! Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, and persists into winter has and! Has become an invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the southeastern US abundant... To 10 m ( 33 ft ) tall and broad this map by! Dark purple to black, and it cold hardy has been introduced, such as urban areas the! Occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches congeners in the paragraphs that follow most... Europe and Asia, Chinese privet was introduced in the genus Ligustrum occurring in the United. To 10 m ( 33 ft ) tall and broad, oblong, 1 to in! Your county Extension Offices – Find your county Extension Offices – Find your county Extension office on this provided. ( not fissured ) [ 6 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 the! Eat them and distribute the seeds cultivation spreading throughout the mid-Atlantic,,... ( rusty or grayish ) and gray-green evergreen tree growing to 10 (.

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